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The History,Climate of Andaman & Nicobar

Ross Island

History

  Mythologically the name Andaman is presumed to be derived from Hanuman, who was known to the Malays as Handuman.Since pre-historic times these islands were the home of aboriginal tribes. The tribes of the Andaman group of islands are the great andamanese,Onges,Jarawas and Sentinalese all of Negrito origin, while the tribes of Nicobars are the Nicobarese and Shompens ,both of Mongoloid stock.

The first settlement by the British took place in 1789 which was later abandoned in 1796.The second settlement was basically a penal settlement taken up in 1858 after the first war of Independence, followed by the settlement of convicts,Moplas some tribes from Central and United provinces, refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, Burma and SriLanka as well as ex-servicemen.


       


Climate

  Tropical throughout the year with mean minimum temperature at 23C and maximum at 30 C.Humidity is relatively high at 70% to 90% with a gentle breeze blowing all the time. The weather is generally pleasant with average annual rainfall of 3000 mm at Port Blair.Forest cover- 92% ,Forest area 86% Best season- October to May Monsoon tourism Season- June to September Clothing-Cottons throughout the year.