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Architecture of Taj Mahal


Taj Mahal one of the most magnificent buildings of the world boasts of unique architecture. We enter through the main gateway standing about hundred feet in height on a red stone platform. Entering through it is two-fold gate made of an alloy composed of eight different metals studded with brass nails. This leads us into a beautiful decorative garden split into four parts by the foot paths paved with slabs of red sandstone and masonry channels.

Taj Mahal stands on a raised marble platform at the northern ends of the gardens. The platform is surmounted by a milk-white dome of amazing height. There are smaller domes in each of the corners. A long arched and decorated doorway separates the inner quadrangle from the outer. Purely decorative white minarets grace each corner of the plateform.The red sandstone mosque stands to the west of the main structure. The building materials used is red sand stone and marbles of various shades. The chief ornamental work is that of the embossed flowers which have been so skillfully wrought that they seem to retain grace and freshness as if it were natural. There are inscriptions on the walls taken from holy Quran appropriate to mourning and spiritual hope. The great central dome is crowned by a floral cap and gilt spike with a crescent end.


Below the main dome is the cenotaph of Mumtaz Mahal, an elaborate false tomb surrounded by an exquisite perforated screen inlaid with forty three different types of semi-precious stones. Beside it, offsetting the symmetry of the Taj is the cenotaph of Shah Jahan, who was interred here with little ceremony by Aurangzeb in 1666.Light, is admitted into the central chamber by finely cut marble screens. Underneath are the real tombs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan, reached by staircase. United in life -they lie united in death. It was a princely love richly rewarded. Theirs indeed was one hope, one desire, one life and one death; one hell and one heaven; one immortality and one annihilation.