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History of Agra


Agra was the capital of the first Mogul Emperor Babur. He established his capital here in the year 1526.For the next century this town witnessed the most remarkable architectural activity as each emperor tried to outdo the grandiose monuments built by his predecessor. Here in Agra, on the banks of the Yamuna river in the east of the town sits the TAJ, one the Seven Wonders of the World. Agra is believed to have been founded on the site of an ancient kingdom, but was destroyed by the Afghan king Mahmood of Gazni in the year 1022 AD.

For almost the next four centuries Agra was a town of not much importance until Sultan Sikander Lodi established his capital here in the year 1501 AD. Then in the year 1526 AD Agra fell into the Mughal hands, when Emperor Babur defeated the last Lodi sultan at the battle of Panipat, about 80km away. Agra reached the peak of magnificence between the mid of the 16th century and mid of the 17th century under the reigns of Akbar the great, Emperor Jehangir and Emperor Shah Jahan.


It was during this period the Taj Mahal, the fort and other major tombs and monuments of Agra were built.In 1638 Emperor Shah Jahan built a new city in Delhi and 10 year after that his son Emperor Aurangzeb shifted his capital to Delhi from Agra. In 1761 Agra fell to the Jats, who looted its monuments, including the Taj Mahal. Agra was then taken by the Marathas in 1770, before finally the British taking over Agra in the year 1803. Following the uprising of 1857, the British shifted its administration out of Agra to Allahabad.