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Goa has a rich and varied history. The beach capital of India is variously known as Vasco, Govapuri, Gomantaka and Govarashtra and the origin of the name can be traced back to the mythology, legend and history.
Apart from the clearly defined Portuguese influence, Goa is also home to many Hindu temples with some of them being an amalgamation of the Hindu and the Portuguese styles of architecture. In 1542 came St. Francis Xavier, a Jesuit Missionary. Once Christianity came to the place many churches were built and till date they are famous for their unique designs and architecture. Till date, we can see the Portuguese influence on the architechtural styles when we spot the wrought iron balconies of the colorful houses in Goa.
Over the centuries 'Govapuri' has been seen, conquered and influenced by the foreign powers. The variety of gifts each one brought for the people is amazing. This magnificent natural harbor with the fertile land and the plentiful water supply has attracted people since the times of the golden goose of the spice trade. The Portuguese who ruled for over 450 years on Goa, gifted the chilies to India besides introducing the tobacco, litchis and oranges.